Top 12 historical sites in the world 2021

Top 12 historical sites in the world:

List of topics

  • Petra
  • Angkor Wat
  • Pyramids at Giza
  • Machu Picchu
  • Tikal
  • Taj Mahal
  • Easter Island
  • The Parthenon
  • The Colosseum and Forum
  • Stonehenge
  • Sukhothai
  • The Great Wall of China

The world is full of man-made and incomprehensible miracles. Including historical sites Throughout thousands of years of human history, we have produced some amazing things. Although unfortunately, none of these have survived to this day.

There are so many impressive and stunning historical sites built by ancient civilizations. Sometimes it is difficult to determine the best.

Think about the list of all historical miracles that exist and how they differ. What criteria do you use to judge? What makes an old website good? What is the best?

Everyone has their own standards to judge the quality of a historical site. Including me, I have traveled around the world and visited more than 30 countries in the past six years.

I have seen many of the best historical sites and monuments in the world.

Here are some of my favorite historical sites that every traveler should visit. The stories told by these ruins are part of human history.

They saw a deep understanding of our history, our strength, and our image. And our common experience they show us how we evolved into a species, don’t miss it!

1. Petra

Jordan Petra carved out of the Alaba Gorge became famous in Indiana Jones’ third movie “When She Goes to Find the Holy Grail”. The site was “discovered” in 1812 by a Swiss explorer who followed members of the local tribe. Before that, he had been forgotten by the Western world. Although the basis is unknown, it seems that this place was settled under Roman rule in the 6th century BC.

The site was quickly rejected and abandoned at the end of the 4th century. Petra was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985. And recently was named one of the new seven wonders of the world.

How to get there

The travel agency offers full-day tours with entrance fees, horseback riding and English-speaking guides. Intrepid also offers multi-day tours. Petra is a 3 hour drive from Amman by car.

This place is open from 6am to 6pm. The entrance fee is 50 JD.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

2. Angkor Wat

This ancient city of Cambodia was the center of the Khmer Empire. The kingdom that once ruled much of Southeast Asia is deteriorating. But before that, the forest has built amazing temples and buildings for hundreds of years.

Although Angkor Wat is full of tourists. But seeing it is still very shocking. The northern and southern temples receive far fewer tourists than the main temple complex (although some of them are actually rubble).

The most popular temples are Angkor Wat, Bayon, Ta Prohm and Angkor Thom, they are always overcrowded. To truly experience the temple, you need to purchase a three-day or five-day pass.

The best time to travel is very early in the morning. Before a large group of tour groups arrived, they stayed late after leaving

How to get there

The temple is about a 20-minute drive from Siem Reap. The price of a 1-day pass is 37 USD, 3 days 62 USD and 7 days 72 USD. You do not need to bring the local currency,

Cambodian Riel (KHR), unless you pay for the little things on the road. You can hire a tuk-tuk driver to drive or ride a bicycle for about US$20 per day. The area is too big to move.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

3. Pyramids at Giza

They are more than 3,000 years old, and we still don’t know how they are made. Or how did the Egyptians make it accurate? (Are there aliens participating?) The three pyramids are aligned with the stars and the summer solstice, and there are many undiscovered rooms. I mean, how did they build these small rooms that people can’t even climb into? The largest pyramid is called the Great Pyramid, built by Pharaoh Khufu, with limited access. The

pyramid is a miracle of human engineering and truly deserves a king (you will also find a sphinx nearby. (Another ancient site that has puzzled mystery researchers and has become the subject of many conspiracy theories.)

How to get there

Take the bus from Meidan Tahrir. Buses to the pyramids are 800 and 900, and minibuses are 82. After arriving, you can ride a camel or horseback to the pyramids.

Business hours are Monday to Sunday from 7:00 am to 6:00 pm. 5 pm M. The general admission fee is 60 EGP to enter the pyramid. An additional 100 EGP must be added.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

4. Machu Picchu

This destroyed city is located in southern Peru. Hiram Bingham is located on the top of a mountain that can only be reached by train or four-day hike. It was rediscovered in 1911 and is an important cultural center of the Inca civilization.

But it was abandoned when the Spanish invaded the area. (Also known as the site, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and was named one of the seven wonders in 2007.

Concerns about the growing number of tourists have caused the number of visitors to be limited to the site, but It’s just a small part of what is needed. Hope they can limit it more so that this site can last for hundreds of years.

How to get there

Machu Picchu is open all year round. The easiest way to get from Cusco to Machu Picchu is to take the train to Aguas Calientes (just a few kilometers from the town).

This is a 3.5-hour scenic journey along the winding river path. From Urubamba to Sacred Valley, there are spectacular canyon walls on both sides. Another way to get from Cusco to Machu Picchu is trekking,

which is the most scenic and meaningful as part of a multi-day Inca Trail tour. My favorite travel company is Intrepid.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

5. Tikal

This Mayan city-state is one of the largest and best-preserved sites in this civilization. It was an important force in the Mayan world during the classical period (200-900 AD) located in Guatemala.

This place allows you to experience the Indiana Jones countryside early in the morning or late at night. When tourists return home, only you and the forest are very peaceful, which makes it one of my best travel memories. Make sure you stay overnight in the park. Because you can watch it without crowds of people in the future.

I especially like watching the sunrise from the top of the temple (Daily Random: City at the end of Star Wars: New Hope? Tikal!)

How to get there

The travel agency has a minibus that can pick you up from your hotel in Flores. And pay 100 GTQ round trip or 70 GTQ round trip, no guide is needed. Public buses depart from Santa Elena bus station every 30 to 60 minutes and take two hours.

They don’t work on Sunday. If you are from Belize, you can find a 100 GTQ border bus per person, otherwise the best way to get from Belize is to visit San Ignacio or drive by yourself. (Beware of customs officials who charge extra visa fees!) The gate of the park opens at 6 am and officially closes at 6 pm. 150 GTQ foreign adult ticket

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

6. Taj Mahal

This building was built in the 17th century and is located in Agra, India. This is a testament to the never-ending love.

This white marble mausoleum was built for the late wife of Emperor Shah Jahan and is a must-see attraction. It was written as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. It is one of the seven new wonders of the world..

The Taj Mahal accepts 2-4 million visitors each year. Therefore, tourism has recently been restricted to help protect the site. However, the biggest threat is air pollution that destroys marble.

How to get there

This place is open from 8 am to 5 pm from Saturday to Thursday. It is closed on Friday. Adults are 1,000 rupees and children are free.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

7. Easter Island

Easter Island is a special territory of Chile, located in the Pacific Ocean. This is the location of the Moai statue. This is the only remnant of the culture that once lived here.

These huge and impressive carved heads once again remind people that primitives are not true primitives. The rocks that attract tourists to the island are made of volcanic ash. Many people are still in the quarry. Abandoned by the inhabitants Due to the increasingly scarce resources on the island, this led their tribe to experience a war that eventually killed them.

How to get there

The island can be reached by commercial air service from San Diego. Easter Island is relatively small. So you can move around easily.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

8. The Parthenon

Although it is currently (and apparently still) under overhaul. But the Parthenon continues to be awe-inspiring and awe-inspiring.

This ancient Athenian temple symbolizes the power of Athens and is a testimony of Greek civilization. It also offers sweeping views of Athens and the nearby ruins, where there are equally beautiful temples and buildings. Over the centuries, most and surrounding buildings have been destroyed by wars and bandits.

Fortunately, this building is still standing…at least for now. Note that there is a scaffolding on the right side of the structure. Because it has existed for over five years. I want to know if it will go anywhere soon. They take their time in Greece.

How to get there

The easiest way is to walk along Dioysiou Aeropagitou, a large pedestrian street that starts near Hadrian’s Arch and extends to the north of the Acropolis.

You can also take Metro Line 2 and get off at “Akropolis” station. Go to the right and follow the people. There are several bus lines serving the area. You can also use 1, 5 or 15 trucks. Free admission for adults and children is 13 Euros.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

9. The Colosseum and Forum

The Colosseum and the Forum are very close in Rome. So I put them together. The remnants of civilization that once controlled the known world.

These places are not only impressive for their beauty. But there are also history and ancient times. You stand in the arena where Caesar walked and watch the fighters fight to the death.

Over the centuries, the Colosseum has gradually collapsed, and now most of the space is limited. Especially the ground and basement where everything is arranged. Although tickets to Palatine Hill are required, this forum is great (and free). You definitely need to bring a guide because the information provided by the staff is not very detailed.

How to get there

Take the “B” line from Colosseo Metro Station. Buses 51, 75, 85, 87 and 118 also operate at the Colosseum. You can also take tram line 3.

The Colosseum opens at 8:30 throughout the year and is closed seasonally. The entrance fee is 12 Euros. Admission is free on the first Sunday of each month.. So I had to wait in long lines.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

10. Stonehenge

This megalithic structure is located near Salisbury. It has a history of more than 3,000 years and this stone originated in Wales. Researchers still don’t know how the builders transported the stones there. And tried to imitate the disastrous work.

We have only vague ideas about purpose. (Basically, we are just guessing.) Stonehenge is surrounded and you can no longer enter this circle. Tourists can only walk around the attractions. But it is worth a visit, the mystery behind it, and an excellent and detailed audio tour.

How to get there

The train from London to Salisbury departs every 30 minutes starting at 6:30 in the morning. M. Stonehenge is open from March 30th to May 31st at 9 am, and opening hours are from 9:30 am to 7:00 pm. . Until 8:00 pm June 1st to August 31st, 9:30 am to 7:00 pm September 1st to October 15th, 9:30 am and 5:00 pm On March 29th, adult rates start at 17.50 pounds, children start at 10.50 pounds.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

11. Sukhothai

Sukhothai is located in a beautiful area in north-central Thailand. Sukhothai has been the capital of Thailand for hundreds of years. Tourists tend to ignore this place. Because there are only a few stops on the way to Chiang Mai.

The central area consists of 21 temples surrounded by a moat. Many temples are decorated in a unique Sukhothai style. Combining Khmer (Cambodia) and Sri Lankan influences, this is a huge website that takes a day or two to see.

Mainly in the sun, so be sure to bring sunscreen. Otherwise you will burn yourself a lot.

How to get there

Buses depart from Bangkok’s Northern Bus Terminal every day from 7:00 am to 11:00 pm. Prices start at 500 baht and travel time is approximately 7 hours. At 7:00 in the morning, the bus runs between Chiang Mai and Sukhothai. By midnight, the ticket price starts from 400 baht.

The park is divided into 5 zones, and the entrance fee for each zone is 100 baht. You can also buy all 5 zones at 350 baht.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

12. The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is actually composed of several city walls and fortifications. It was originally designed by Qin Shihuang (259-210 BC) in the 3rd century BC. As a means to prevent Mongolian tribes from invading the country.

The most famous and well-preserved part of the Great Wall of China was built in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) between the 14th and 17th centuries. Entering China effectively, but it is also a great achievement in the field of engineering and construction, and it is also a human achievement.

How to get there

From Beijing, you can reach the Great Wall at Badaling, Juyongguan, Mutianyu or Jinshanling. Badaling is only 77 miles away from Beijing.

You can easily take the public bus for only RMB 12, and the one-way journey takes less than 2 hours. The fare for the wall ranges from 30 yuan to 60 yuan. The visit time depends on which part of the wall you visit.

Top 12 historical sites in the world
Top 12 historical sites in the world

Conclusion

There are many amazing historical sights and some of the best places in the world. But even if you don’t go, there are many places worth going. Just find where you want to go! Make your own list! The more you know and understand the past, the more you understand why people behave the way they do today. Visiting these attractions and learning about our history helped us get there!

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